Trenchtown is a poor area in Kingston, Jamaica where Bob Marley grew up. After a hurricane destroyed many of the homes there in 1951, a new settlement formed around a dump site. It was a difficult was of life and Bob wrote about this and how music was an escape from the poverty and desperation of Trenchtown. It was the first popular track in Jamaica to speak for their marginalized lower class. Released under Bob’s Tuff Gong label, Trenchtown Rock sat atop the Jamaican charts for five months in 1971.